Jack Nicholson
Born John Joseph Nicholson April 22, 1937 (1937-04-22) (age 74) New York City, U.S.
Occupation Actor, director, producer, screenwriter
Years active 1958–present
Spouse Sandra Knight (1962–1968)
Children Jennifer Nicholson Honey Hollman Lorraine Nicholson Ray Nicholson

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Jack Nicholson

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Nicholson at Dennis Hopper's Hollywood Walk of Fame Star ceremony, March 26, 2010

John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is an American actor, film director, producer and writer. He is renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters. Nicholson has been nominated for Academy Awards 12 times. He has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice, for One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and for As Good as It Gets. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the 1983 film Terms of Endearment. He is tied with Walter Brennan for most acting wins by a male actor (three), and second to Katharine Hepburn for most acting wins overall (four).He is also one of only two actors nominated for an Academy Award for acting (either lead or supporting) in every decade from the 1960s to 2000s (the other one being Michael Caine). He has won seven Golden Globe Awards, and received a Kennedy Center Honor in 2001. In 1994, he became one of the youngest actors to be awarded the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award. Notable films in which he has starred include, in chronological order, Easy Rider, Five Easy Pieces, Chinatown, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, The Shining, The Postman Always Rings Twice, Reds, Terms of Endearment, Batman, A Few Good Men, As Good as It Gets, About Schmidt, Something's Gotta Give and The Departed.

Early life

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Nicholson was born in St. Vincent's Hospital in New York City, the son of a showgirl, June Frances Nicholson (stage name June Nilson). June had married Italian American showman Donald Furcillo (stage name Donald Rose) six months earlier in Elkton, Maryland, on October 16, 1936. Elkton was a town known for its "quickie" marriages. Furcillo, however, was already married, and, although he offered to take care of the child, June's mother Ethel insisted that she bring up the baby, partly so that June could pursue her dancing career. Although Donald Furcillo claimed to be Nicholson's father and to have committed bigamy by marrying June, biographer Patrick McGilligan asserted in Jack's Life that Latvian-born Eddie King (originally Edgar A. Kirschfeld), June's manager, may be the father, and other sources have suggested that June Nicholson was unsure of who the father was. Nicholson's mother was of Irish, English, and Dutch descent, though he and his family self-identified as Irish.

Nicholson was brought up believing that his grandparents, John Joseph Nicholson (a department store window dresser in Manasquan, New Jersey) and Ethel May Rhoads (a hairdresser, beautician and amateur artist in Manasquan), were his parents. Nicholson only discovered that his "parents" were actually his grandparents and his sister was in fact his mother in 1974, after a journalist for TIME magazine who was doing a feature on Nicholson informed him of the fact. By this time, both his mother and grandmother had died (in 1963 and 1970, respectively). Nicholson has stated he does not know who his father is, saying "Only Ethel and June knew and they never told anybody", and has chosen not to have a DNA test or to pursue the matter.

Nicholson grew up in Neptune City, New Jersey. He was raised in his mother's Roman Catholic religion. "Nick", as he was known to his high school friends, attended nearby Manasquan High School, where he was voted "class clown" by the Class of 1954. A theatre and a drama award at the school are named in his honor. In 2004, Nicholson attended his 50-year high school reunion accompanied by his aunt Lorraine.

Career

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Jack Nicholson at 2002 Cannes

Early work


When Nicholson first came to Hollywood, he worked as a gofer for animation legends William Hanna and Joseph Barbera at the MGM cartoon studio. Seeing his talent as an artist, they offered Nicholson a starting level position as an animation artist. However, citing his desire to become an actor, he declined.

He made his film debut in a low-budget teen drama The Cry Baby Killer, in 1958, playing the title role. For the following decade, Nicholson was a frequent collaborator with the film's producer, Roger Corman. Corman directed Nicholson on several occasions, most notably in The Little Shop of Horrors, as masochistic dental patient Wilbur Force, and also in The Raven, The Terror, and The St. Valentine's Day Massacre. He worked frequently with director Monte Hellman as well on low-budget westerns, though two in particular, Ride in the Whirlwind and The Shooting, initially failed to find interest from any US film distributors but gained cult success on the art house circuit in France and were later sold to television.

Rise to fame


With his acting career heading nowhere, Nicholson seemed resigned to a career behind the camera as a writer/director. His first real taste of writing success was the LSD-fueled screenplay for 1967's The Trip (directed by Corman), which starred Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper. Nicholson also co-wrote, with Bob Rafelson, the movie Head, which starred The Monkees. In addition, he also arranged the movie's soundtrack. However, after a spot opened up in Fonda and Hopper's Easy Rider, it led to his first big acting break. Nicholson played hard-drinking lawyer George Hanson, for which he received his first Oscar nomination. The part of Hanson was a lucky break for Nicholson—the role had in fact been written for actor Rip Torn, who was a close friend of screen writer Terry Southern, but Torn withdrew from the project after a bitter argument with the film's director Dennis Hopper, during which the two men almost came to blows.

A Best Actor nomination came the following year for his persona-defining role in Five Easy Pieces (1970). Also that year, he appeared in the movie adaptation of On A Clear Day You Can See Forever, although most of his performance was left on the cutting room floor.

Other Nicholson roles included Hal Ashby's The Last Detail (1973), for which he was awarded Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival, and the classic Roman Polanski noir thriller, Chinatown (1974). Nicholson was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for both films. Nicholson was friends with the director long before the death of Polanski's wife, Sharon Tate, at the hands of the Manson Family, and supported him in the days following the deaths. After Tate's death, Nicholson began sleeping with a hammer under his pillow, and took breaks from work to attend the Manson trial. It was at Nicholson's home where the rape case for which Polanski was arrested occurred.

He starred in The Who's Tommy (1975), directed by Ken Russell, and Michelangelo Antonioni's The Passenger (1975).

An American icon


Nicholson earned his first Best Actor Oscar for portraying Randle P. McMurphy in the movie adaptation of Ken Kesey's novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, directed by Miloš Forman in 1975. His Oscar was matched when Louise Fletcher received the Best Actress Award for her portrayal of Nurse Ratched.

After this, he began to take more unusual roles. He took a small role in The Last Tycoon, opposite Robert De Niro. He took a less sympathetic role in Arthur Penn's western The Missouri Breaks, specifically to work with Marlon Brando. He followed this by making his second directorial effort with the western comedy Goin' South. His first movie as a director was a 1971 quirky release called Drive, He Said.

Although he garnered no Academy Award for Stanley Kubrick's adaptation of Stephen King's The Shining (1980), it remains one of Nicholson's most significant roles. His next Oscar, the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, came for his role of retired astronaut Garrett Breedlove in Terms of Endearment (1983), directed by James L. Brooks. Nicholson continued to work prolifically in the 80s, starring in such films as The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981), Reds (1981), Prizzi's Honor (1985), The Witches of Eastwick (1987), Broadcast News (1987), and Ironweed (1987). Three Oscar nominations also followed (Reds, Prizzi's Honor, and Ironweed).

Nicholson introduced several acts at Live Aid at the JFK Stadium in July 1985. He turned down the role of John Book in Witness. The 1989 Batman movie, wherein Nicholson played the psychotic murderer and villain, The Joker, was an international smash hit, and a lucrative percentage deal earned Nicholson about $60 million.

For his role as hot-headed Col. Nathan R. Jessep in A Few Good Men (1992), a movie about a murder in a U.S. Marine Corps unit, Nicholson received yet another Academy nomination. This film contained the court scene in which Nicholson famously explodes, "You can't handle the truth!", in one of the Aaron Sorkin-penned monologues to become part of popular culture.

In 1996, Nicholson collaborated once more with Batman director Tim Burton on Mars Attacks!, pulling double duty as two contrasting characters, President James Dale and Las Vegas property developer Art Land. At first studio executives at Warner Bros. disliked the idea of killing off Nicholson's character, so Burton created two characters and killed them both off.

Not all of Nicholson's performances have been well received. He was nominated for Razzie Awards as worst actor for Man Trouble (1992) and Hoffa (1992). However, Nicholson's performance in Hoffa also earned a Golden Globe nomination.

Nicholson would go on to win his next Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Melvin Udall, a neurotic author with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), in the romance As Good as It Gets (1997), again directed by James L. Brooks. Nicholson's Oscar was matched with the Academy Award for Best Actress for Helen Hunt as a Manhattan waitress drawn into a love/hate friendship with Udall, a frequent diner in the restaurant in which she worked.

In 2001, Nicholson was the first actor to receive the Stanislavsky Award at the Moscow International Film Festival for "conquering the heights of acting and faithfulness".

Nicholson is a keen sports fan, regularly to be seen in courtside seats at Los Angeles Lakers basketball games at Staples Center and the former Great Western Forum.

2002–present


In About Schmidt (2002), Nicholson portrayed a retired Omaha, Nebraska actuary who questions his own life following his wife's death. His quiet, restrained performance stood in sharp contrast to many of his previous roles, and earned him an Academy Award Nomination for Best Actor. In the comedy Anger Management (2003), he plays an aggressive therapist assigned to help overly pacifist Adam Sandler. In the same year, Nicholson starred in Something's Gotta Give, as an aging playboy who falls for the mother (Diane Keaton) of his young girlfriend. In late 2006, Nicholson marked his return to the "dark side" as Frank Costello, a sadistic Boston Irish Mob boss presiding over Matt Damon and Leonardo DiCaprio in Martin Scorsese's Oscar-winning The Departed, a remake of Andrew Lau's Infernal Affairs.

In November 2006, Nicholson began filming his next project, Rob Reiner's The Bucket List, a role for which he shaved his head. The film starred Nicholson and Morgan Freeman as dying men who fulfill their list of goals. The film was released on December 25, 2007 (limited) and January 11, 2008 (wide). In researching the role, Nicholson visited a Los Angeles hospital to see how cancer patients coped with their illnesses.

Personal life

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Nicholson in 2008

He has been romantically linked to numerous actresses and models, including Michelle Phillips, Bebe Buell, and Lara Flynn Boyle. Nicholson's longest relationship was for 16 years with actress Anjelica Huston, the daughter of film director John Huston, from 1973 to 1989. However, the relationship ended when the media reported that Rebecca Broussard had become pregnant with his child. Nicholson and Broussard had two children together, Lorraine Nicholson (born 1990) and Raymond Nicholson (born 1992). Jack's other children are Jennifer Nicholson (born 1963 with Sandra Knight) and Honey Hollman (b. 1981 with Winnie Hollman). Actress Susan Anspach contends that her son, Caleb Goddard (born 1970), was fathered by Jack, but he has never made any public statements about the allegation.

Nicholson lived next door to Marlon Brando for a number of years on Mulholland Drive in Beverly Hills. Warren Beatty also lived nearby, earning the road the nickname "Bad Boy Drive". After Brando's death in 2004, Nicholson purchased his neighbor's bungalow for $6.1 million, with the purpose of having it demolished. Nicholson stated that it was done out of respect to Brando's legacy, as it had become too expensive to renovate the "derelict" building which was plagued by mold.

Nicholson is a fan of the New York Yankees and Los Angeles Lakers. His attendance at Lakers games is legendary, as he is a season ticket holder since 1970 and has held courtside season tickets for the past 25 years at both The Forum and the Staples Center, missing very few games. In a few instances, Nicholson has engaged in arguments with game officials and opposing players, and has even walked onto the court. His ardent refusal to miss a Lakers home game means that studios are rumored to have to schedule filming around the Lakers home schedule although he disputed this claim in an interview with BBC radio in 2008.

Nicholson is a collector of twentieth century and contemporary art, including the work of Scottish artist Jack Vettriano.

Though he has not been very public about his political views, Nicholson has considered himself a lifelong Democrat. On February 4, 2008, he announced his endorsement of Senator Hillary Clinton in her race for the President of the United States. In an interview on Rick Dees' radio program, Nicholson said, "Mrs. Clinton has been involved in issues, everything from health care, which we know and prison reform and helping the military, speaking for women and speaking for Americans. And besides, it's about time we have a Prez with a nice tush."

California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver announced on May 28, 2008 that Nicholson would be inducted into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts. The induction ceremony took place on December 15, 2008 where he was inducted alongside 11 other legendary Californians.

Academy Awards history

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Footprints and handprints of Jack Nicholson at Grauman's Chinese Theatre.

With twelve nominations (eight for Best Actor and four for Best Supporting Actor), Jack Nicholson is the most nominated male actor in Academy Awards history. Only Nicholson and Michael Caine have been nominated for an acting (lead or supporting) Academy Award in five different decades: 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s.[citation needed] With three Oscar wins, he also ties with Walter Brennan for the second highest-number of Oscar wins in acting categories (all of Brennan's wins were for Best Supporting Actor).

At the 79th Academy Awards, Nicholson had fully shaved his hair for his role in The Bucket List. Those ceremonies represented the seventh time he has presented the Academy Award for Best Picture (1972, 1977, 1978, 1990, 1993, 2006, and 2007).

Nicholson is an active and voting member of the Academy. He has attended almost every ceremony, nominated or not, during the last decade sitting in the front row.

Filmography

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List of film credits
YearTitleRoleNotes
1958Cry Baby Killer, TheThe Cry Baby KillerJimmy Wallace
1960Too Soon to LoveBuddy
1960Wild Ride, TheThe Wild RideJohnny Varron
1960Little Shop of Horrors, TheThe Little Shop of HorrorsWilbur Force
1960Studs LoniganWeary Reilly
1962Broken Land, TheThe Broken LandWill Brocious
1963Terror, TheThe TerrorAndre DuvalerAlso director
1963Raven, TheThe RavenRexford Bedlo
1964Flight to FuryJay Wickham
1964Ensign PulverDolan
1964Back Door to HellBurnett
1965Ride in the WhirlwindWes
1966Shooting, TheThe ShootingBilly Spear
1967St. Valentine's Day Massacre, TheThe St. Valentine's Day MassacreGino, Hit Manuncredited
1967Hells Angels on WheelsPoet
1968Psych-OutStoney
1968HeadHimself
1969Easy RiderGeorge Hanson
  • Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Laurel Award for Male Supporting Performance
  • New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
  • Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1970On A Clear Day You Can See ForeverTad Pringle
1970Rebel Rousers, TheThe Rebel RousersBunny
1970Five Easy PiecesRobert Eroica Dupea
  • Fotogramas de Plata for Best Foreign Movie Performer
  • Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
  • Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
  • Nominated—Laurel Award for Best Male Dramatic Performance
1971Carnal KnowledgeJonathan FuerstSant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1971Safe Place, AA Safe PlaceMitch
1971Drive, He Said
  • Director
  • Nominated—Palme d'Or
1972King of Marvin Gardens, TheThe King of Marvin GardensDavid Staebler
1973Last Detail, TheThe Last DetailBilly "Bad Ass" Buddusky
  • BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for Chinatown
  • Cannes Film Festival Best Actor
  • National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor also for Chinatown
  • New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Chinatown
  • Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
  • Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1974ChinatownJ.J. 'Jake' Gittes
  • BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for The Last Detail
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
  • Fotogramas de Plata Award for Best Foreign Movie Performer
  • Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
  • National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor also for The Last Detail
  • New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for The Last Detail
  • Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
1975Fortune, TheThe FortuneOscar Sullivan aka Oscar Dix
1975One Flew Over the Cuckoo's NestRandle McMurphy
  • Academy Award for Best Actor
  • BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
  • National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
  • National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
  • New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
  • Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actor
1975Passenger, TheThe PassengerDavid Locke
1975TommyThe Specialist
1976Missouri Breaks, TheThe Missouri BreaksTom Logan
1976Last Tycoon, TheThe Last TycoonBrimmer
1978Goin' SouthHenry Lloyd MoonAlso director
1980Shining, TheThe ShiningJack Torrance
1981Postman Always Rings Twice, TheThe Postman Always Rings TwiceFrank Chambers
1981RagtimePirate at beachuncredited
1981RedsEugene O'Neill
  • BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
  • Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1982Border, TheThe BorderCharlie Smith
1983Terms of EndearmentGarrett Breedlove
  • Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
  • Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
1984Terror in the Aislesarchival footage
1985Prizzi's HonorCharley Partanna
  • Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
  • New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
  • National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
  • Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
1986HeartburnMark Forman
1987The Witches of EastwickDaryl Van Horne
  • Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for Ironweed
  • New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Ironweed and Broadcast News
  • Saturn Award for Best Actor
1987Broadcast NewsBill RorichNew York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Ironweed and The Witches of Eastwick
1987IronweedFrancis Phelan
  • Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for The Witches of Eastwick
  • New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Broadcast News and The Witches of Eastwick
  • Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
  • Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1989BatmanJack Napier / The Joker
  • Nominated—American Comedy Award for Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture
  • Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
  • Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
  • Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actor
1990The Two JakesJ.J. 'Jake' GittesAlso director
1992Man TroubleEugene Earl Axline, aka Harry Bliss
1992Few Good Men, AA Few Good MenCol. Nathan R. Jessep
  • Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
  • Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Male Performance
  • Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
1992HoffaJames R. 'Jimmy' HoffaNominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1994WolfWill RandallNominated—Saturn Award for Best Actor
1995Crossing Guard, TheThe Crossing GuardFreddy Gale
1996Blood and WineAlex Gates
1996Evening Star, TheThe Evening StarGarrett Breedlove
1996Mars Attacks!President James Dale / Art LandNominated—Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1997As Good as It GetsMelvin Udall
  • Academy Award for Best Actor
  • American Comedy Award for Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture
  • Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
  • London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
  • National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
  • Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
  • San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
  • Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
  • Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
2001Pledge, TheThe PledgeJerry Black
2002About SchmidtWarren R. Schmidt
  • Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor tied with Daniel Day-Lewis for Gangs of New York
  • Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
  • Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor tied with Daniel Day-Lewis for Gangs of New York
  • Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association for Best Actor
  • Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
  • Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
  • Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
  • Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
  • Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
  • Nominated—Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
  • Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
  • Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
2003Anger ManagementDr. Buddy RydellNominated—Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Hissy Fit
2003Something's Gotta GiveHarry SanbornNominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
2006Departed, TheThe DepartedFrancis 'Frank' Costello
  • Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
  • National Board of Review Award for Best Cast
  • Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
  • Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
  • Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Nominated—People's Choice Award for Best On-Screen Match-Up shared with Matt Damon and Leonardo DiCaprio
  • Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
  • Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
2008Bucket List, TheThe Bucket ListEdward Cole
2010How Do You KnowCharles Madison
2011AmericanaEdgar Johnson




Some of the content on this page has been provided by the following page on Wikipedia.org: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Nicholson


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