Luby's massacre
Location Killeen, Texas, United States
Date Wednesday, October 16, 1991 12:35 p.m. – 12:51 p.m. (UTC-5)
Target Luby's
Attack type Massacre, mass murder
Weapon(s) Glock 17, Ruger P89
Death(s) 24 (including the perpetrator)
Injured 20
Perpetrator(s) George Pierre Hennard


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Luby's massacre

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Luby's massacre

The Luby's massacre was a mass murder that took place on October 16, 1991, in Killeen, Texas, United States when George Pierre Hennard ?Jo Jo" drove his pickup truck into a Luby's Cafeteria and shot 23 people to death while wounding another 20, subsequently committing suicide by shooting himself. It was the deadliest shooting rampage in American history until the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre.


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On October 16, 1991, Hennard drove his 1987 Ford Ranger pickup truck through the front window of a Luby's Cafeteria at 1705 East Central Texas Expressway in Killeen, yelled "This is what Bell County has done to me!", then opened fire on the restaurant's patrons and staff with a Glock 17 pistol and later a Ruger P89. He stalked, shot, and killed 23 people while wounding another 20 before committing suicide. About 80 people were in the restaurant at the time.

The first victim was local veterinarian Dr. Michael Griffith, who ran to the driver's side of the pickup truck to offer assistance after the truck came through the window. During the shooting, Hennard approached Suzanna Hupp and her parents. Hupp had a handgun in her vehicle outside. Her father charged at Hennard in an attempt to subdue him but was gunned down; a short time later, Hupp's mother was shot and killed. One patron, Tommy Vaughn, threw himself through a plate-glass window to allow others to escape. Hennard allowed a mother and her four-year-old child to leave. He reloaded several times and still had ammunition remaining when he committed suicide by shooting himself in the head after being cornered and wounded by police.


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Fatalities from this shooting included:

Patricia Brawn Carney57Belton, Texas
Jimmie Eugene Caruthers48Austin, Texas
Kriemhild A. Davis62Killeen, Texas
Lt. Col. Steven Charles Dody43Fort Hood, Texas
Al Gratia71Copperas Cove, Texas
Ursula Edith Marie Gratia67Copperas Cove, Texas
Debra Ann Gray33Copperas Cove, Texas
Dr. Michael Edward Griffith48Copperas Cove, Texas
Venice Ellen Henehan70Metz, Missouri
Clodine Delphia Humphrey63Marlin, Texas
Sylvia Mathilde King30Marlin, Texas
Zona Mae Lynn45Marlin, Texas
Dr. Connie Dean Peterson43Austin, Texas
Ruth Marie Pujol36Copperas Cove, Texas
Su-zann Neal Rashott30San Antonio, Texas
John Raymond Romero Jr33Copperas Cove, Texas
Thomas Earl Simmons55Killeen, Texas
Glen Arval Spivey44Harker Heights, Texas
Nancy Faye Stansbury44Harker Heights, Texas
Olgica Andonovsk Taylor45Waco, Texas
James Walter Welsh75Waco, Texas
Lula Belle Welsh64Waco, Texas
Iva Juanita Williams64Temple, Texas


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Responding to the massacre, in 1995 the Texas Legislature passed a shall-issue gun law, which requires that all qualifying applicants be issued a Concealed Handgun License (the state's required permit to carry concealed weapons), removing the personal discretion of the issuing authority to deny such licenses. The law had been campaigned for by Suzanna Hupp, who was present at the Luby's massacre where both of her parents were shot and killed. Hupp later expressed regret for obeying the law by leaving her firearm in her car rather than keeping it on her person in an establishment that served alcohol. Hupp testified across the country in support of concealed-handgun laws, and was elected to the Texas House of Representatives in 1996. The law was signed by then-Governor George W. Bush.

The present site

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The Killeen Luby's closed after the massacre and was reopened after clean-up and redesign of the front wall of the building was complete. The restaurant struggled throughout the following years and finally shut down operations on September 9, 2000. A Chinese-American buffet, Yank Sing, occupies the building.

See also

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  • List of massacres
  • San Ysidro McDonald's massacre, a similar incident involving mass murder at a popular restaurant
  • Edmond U.S. Post Office massacre
  • GMAC massacre, a shooting spree at a General Motors office that took place the year preceding the Luby's massacre
  • Suzanna Gratia Hupp
  • Fort Hood shooting, another notorious spree shooting in the Killeen, Texas area

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